October 3: Hanover Presbytery

A Waystation for the Progress of the Gospel

Up to the middle of the eighteenth century, what presbyteries existed were all in the northern part of the American colonies. But after the division of the New Side–Old Side Presbyterians in 1741 (see May 17, 1741), the New Side evangelists set their spiritual eyes on advancing the gospel both south and west of Philadelphia. Especially was there an encouragement due to the expansion of the Scot-Irish Presbyterians in those  directions who still worshiped in the manner of their Scotch forefathers.

An important waystation for  the progress of the gospel was the establishment of Hanover Presbytery in Virginia on October 3, 1755. Constituting this regional church governing unit were the following: Samuel Davies, of Hanover Presbyterian Church, of Hanover County; Robert Henry, pastor of Cub Creek Church in Charlotte County and Briery Church in Prince Edward County; John Brown, of Timber Ridge and New Providence Presbyterian churches in Rockbridge County; and John Todd, assistant to Samuel Davies and pastor of Louisa County. Various ruling elders also attended, such as Samuel Morris, Alexander Joice, and John Molley.  Also part of the presbytery but unable to attend were Alexander Craighead, pastor of Windy Cove Church in Augusta County, and John Wright, pastor of the church in Cumberland County, near Farmville, Virginia.

At the first meeting of the Presbytery, after the sermon by John Todd, the first action taken was to appoint a day of fasting and prayer on January 1, 1757. The last act was to repeat the fasting and prayer on June of the same year. In both cases, the purpose was to ask God for His help against the physical dangers occasioned by the war in their land as well as to ask God to bless the preaching of the Word of God in the area.

Words to live by:  Lest we respond with a yawn about the topic of today’s devotional, let us remember that to attend church in these early days was to put your life and that of your family in danger. First, there was the distance travelled to the meeting-house, usually a log building, or sometimes outside  under a huge tree. Transportation there was by horseback, or in buggies pulled by horses.  The worshiping family carried their Bibles, hymns, and rifles with powder horns, for protection. The services themselves lasted for two hours.  And at the end, there would be communal meals, with another worship hour before they left for their homes. Colonial worship was not for the lukewarm, but for the God-fearing, Bible-believing men and women of the Presbyterian faith.

Tags: , , ,

  1. Roger Schultz’s avatar

    I think that there is a mistake in the October 3 Presbyterians in History. Hanover Presbytery was organized in 1755 (and Davies died in 1761). But thanks for the attention to Hanover Presbytery, which deserves to be better known.

  2. archivist’s avatar

    Thank you, Roger (and good to hear from you). You are correct, of course. Hanover Presbytery was organized in 1755. I’ll chalk this up to a typo, if I may.

    For further reading on Hanover, our readers may want to see the 1955 article by William Rachal in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography: http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4246090?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21104840668613


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *