November 1: Dr. George Junkin

An Educator and Minister to the Souls of Young and Old
by Rev. David T. Myers

Arriving at the Mason-Dixon line dividing Virginia from Pennsylvania in 1861, Dr. George Junkin and his family stopped their carriage carrying all their worldly possessions. In an act of intentional symbolism, Dr. Junkin cleaned off from both his own boots and the hooves of his horses all traces of Southern mud, wanting to make sure that none of the Rebel dirt would be carried into the Union North.

The Rev. Dr. George Junkin was born on November 1, 1790 outside the small village of New Kingstown, Pennsylvania. The sixth son of Joseph Junkin, who was a ruling elder in the Junkin Tent congregation of the Covenanters in central Pennsylvania, remained on his parents’ farm while being educated in private schools in Cumberland County. He was later sent first to Jefferson College in western Pennsylvania, graduating from there in 1813. He then attended the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Theological Seminary in New York and became a Covenanter minister. For eleven years, he was the pastor of two Pennsylvania churches of that denomination. In 1822, he transferred into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, and became a leader in the Old School Presbyterian Church. He was accorded the honor of being Moderator of the 1844 General Assembly of the PCUSA.

The education phase of his ministry started in a small Manual Labor Academy in Germantown, Pennsylvania.  He then became the first president of the brand new Lafayette College, building up that Presbyterian school into a fine educational facility. After a brief stint at Miami at Ohio College, he went down to Washington College in Lexington, Virginia from 1848 – 1861, resigning at 71 years of age.

Two of his daughters married Confederate officers. Elinor was the first wife of Thomas Jonathan Jackson, later Stonewall Jackson. She did not survive the birth of their first child, who also died. Another daughter married Confederate and later General D. Harvey Hill. A son, named after him, became a staff member of Gen. Jackson’s headquarters, and was captured at Kernstown, Virginia, by Union forces. So, as it was in so many families of the War Between the States, their allegiances were in two different nations.

Returning to the North, Dr. Junkin in the last seven years of his life preached seven hundred sermons, many of them to Union soldiers in their camps. He visited wounded Union soldiers in hospitals. He went to be with the Lord in May of 1868, while residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

It was perhaps unique that near the end of the century, his coffin was dug up and sent south for re-burial in the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery outside Lexington, Virginia.

Also this day:
The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church was formed by union of the Associate Presbyterians and the Reformed Presbyterians of America, meeting in Philadelphia on November 1, 1782.  

Words to live by:  Conviction, both religious and national, was part and parcel of George Junkin’s life. He knew what he believed and his actions reflected that to both friend and enemy.  Of all the Junkin family, he was the most celebrated not only in that family, but in his generation.  It is great to have a good name. Solomon wrote in Proverbs 15:1 “A good  name is more desirable than great riches; to be esteemed is better than silver or gold.” (NIV) He is remembered, not only by the Junkin ancestors, but by Presbyterians everywhere. Let us seek to be known by our biblical convictions and work to maintain our good name.

  1. Philip H. Pockras’s avatar

    Godly man! A few details to correct, however:

    1. Although Dr. Junkin had Covenanter ancestry, his father, family, and congregation had gone into the ARP union of 1782. Dr. Junkin was never RP as a private member or as a minister. A majority of the Pennsylvania Synod, as well as a large minority of the New York Synod, of the ARP left and went to the PCUSA in 1822. Dr. Junkin was one with them.

    2. Dr. Junkin was President of Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, of which I am an alumnus. There has never been any institution in existence with the name of “Miami of Ohio College”! Miami, from its founding in 1809 till the beginning of the Twentieth Century, had a very strong and conservative Presbyterian strain. Most all of its presidents until the end of the 1800s were either Old School Presbyterians or ARP men. In fact, there was an ARP seminary there in Oxford (the building still stands) and many early ARP ministerial students, even from the old Carolinas Synod and Synod of the South, attended first Miami and then the ARP’s First Synod of the West’s seminary there in Oxford.

    3. Daniel Harvey Hill was never married into the Junkin family. Hill and Jackson did share inlaws, but it was Jackson’s second wife, Anna. Anna and her older sister were Morrisons, daughters of another Presbyterian college’s (Davidson) president. Further, the Morrison ladies were first cousins to Mrs. R. L. Dabney.

    I just *knew* you’d want to know this stuff!


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